Monarchs

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James II

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Henry II

Constantly on the move between his many palaces, Henry II had an eye to luxury and comfort in his domestic residences.

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Henry III

One of England's greatest royal builders, Henry III's enthusiasm for architecture and decoration attracted the best craftsmen of the age.

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Edward I

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Edward III

Wealth gained in military victories allowed Edward III to expand his household and his palaces, including Windsor and Westminster.

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Richard II

The king's love of ceremony and finery was demonstrated by the spectacular and innovative re-roofing of Westminster Great Hall.

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Henry VII

Not as well-known a royal builder as his son, yet he was responsible for commissioning some of the most significant royal palaces.

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Henry VIII

One of the greatest royal builders, he commissioned and acquired around 70 palaces during his reign.

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Elizabeth I

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Edward VI

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James I

James I shunned the principal residence of state in favour of town houses and hunting lodges, but his Queen was the major architectural patron.

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Charles I

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Charles II

Influenced by his travels in France, Charles II embarked on an ambitious rebuilding programme at Windsor and elsewhere.

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William III

William and Mary left to posterity two of the most memorable and English royal buildings of the seventeenth century.

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Queen Anne

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George II

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George III

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George IV

Transformed important royal residences including Buckingham Palace and Windsor, George IV's architectural legacy is huge.

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Victoria

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Elizabeth II

Britain's longest reigning monarch has been a discerning and often original patron of building since 1952, including the rebuilding of Windsor Castle.

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